Black Panthers Party

 

(originally the Black Panthers Party for Self-Defense). It was an African-American organization while advocated Black Power and self-defense through acts of social agitation, it was founded in 1966 by Huey Percy Newton and worked intil the 1970s in USA.

The Black Panthers Party called for the protection of African-American neighborhoods from police brutality and this in the interest of AA justice.

The group created a Ten-Point Program, a document that called for "Land, Bread, Housing, Education, Clothing, Justice and Peace" (see below).

The party was firmly grounded in black nationalism and accepted only African Americans as members.

In 1960s, the group's idea changed radically with the counter-culture and condemned black nationalism as “black racism”. They became more focused on socialism without racial exclusivity. They instituted a variety of community programs to reduce poverty and improve health among communities needfullest

According to the FBI, the Black Panthers was “People suspected of building a coalition of militant Black Nationalist hate groups” and “the greatest threat to the internal security of the country”.

In 1969, the party was the primary target of COINTELPRO while prevented the unification of this militant black nationalist group and weaked the power of their leaders, discredited the group to reduce their support.

 

Ten Point Program

 

  1. We want power to determine the destiny of our black and oppressed communities' education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present-day society.

  2. We want completely free health care for all black and oppressed people.

  3. We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of black people, other people of color, all oppressed people inside the United States.

  4. We want an immediate end to all wars of aggression.

  5. We want full employment for our people.

  6. We want an end to the robbery by the capitalists of our Black Community.

  7. We want decent housing, fit for the shelter of human beings.

  8. We want decent education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society.

  9. We want freedom for all black and oppressed people now held in U. S. Federal, state, county, city and military prisons and jails. We want trials by a jury of peers for all persons charged with so-called crimes under the laws of this country.

  10. We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace and people's community control of modern technology.

The original six Black Panthers

Top left to right:  Elbert "Big Man" Howard, Huey P. Newton (Defense Minister), Sherman Forte, Bobby Seale (Chairman)

Bottom: Reggie Forte and Little Bobby Hutton (Treasurer).

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