Malcolm X

  

Malcolm Little (May 19, 1925– February 21, 1965), also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was an African American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist.

A courageous advocate for the rights of AA to his admirers, a preacher of racism and violence for his detractors, he was described as one of the greatest and most influential AA in history by everybody.

Malcom X was sentenced to ten years in prison when he was eight for drug dealing, gambling, racketeering, robbery, sterring prostitutes. While in prison, Little became a member of the Nation of Islam. At his exit of jail in 1952, he became one of the Nation's leaders, chief spokesmen, and the public face of the Nation of Islam until 1964. He inspired the boxer Cassius Clay (later know as Muhammad Ali) to join the NOI.

The FBI opened a file on Malcolm X in March 1953 after hearing that he had described himself as a communist.

Rumours about extramarital affairs of Malcolm X, and the jealousy of Elijah Muhammah, was the causes of the tensions between this two mens while conducted to the Malcolm X' resignation of Nation of Islam in March 1964. as did Muhammad Ali.

He met Martin Luther King Jr. on March, 26 1964 in Washington D.C. Their meeting lasted only one minuts and was the only time the two men ever met.

Malcolm X made the pilgrimage, to Mecca and became a Sunni Muslim. He traveled extensively throughout Africa and the Middle East. He founded Muslim Mosque, Inc., a religious organization, and the secular, black nationalist Organization of Afro-American Unity.

But the February, 21 1965, during a speech, a man yelled “Nigger, get your hand outta of my pocket”. As Malcom X and his bodyguards moved to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot Malcolm X in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired handguns, hitting him sixteen times. Malcolm X died shortly after he arrived at hospital.

 

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