Rosa Parks

  

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913-October 24, 2005) was a AA civil rights activist whom the US Congress later called the “Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Right Movement”.

 On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Her action sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Parks' act of defiance became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leader Martin Luther King, helping to launch him to national prominence in the civil rights movement.

Parks eventually received many honours ranging, a posthumous statue and the posthumous honour of lying in honour at the Capitol Rotunda.

At the time of her action, Parks was secretary of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP and had recently attended the Highlander Folk School, a Tennessee centre for workers' rights and racial equality. Nonetheless, she took her action as a private citizen “tired of giving in”. Although widely honoured in later years for her action, she also suffered for it, losing her job as a seamstress in a local department store.

Eventually, she moved to Detroit where she found similar work. From 1965 to 1988 she served as secretary and receptionist to AA US Representative John Conyers. After retirement from this position, she wrote an autobiography and lived a largely private life in Detroit.

In her final years she suffered from dementia and became embroiled in a lawsuit filed on her behalf against American hip-hop duo OutKast. Her death in 2005 was a front-page story in the US' leading newspapers.

According to Wikipedia

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