African Americans: Demography From 1790 to 2005.

Information to introduce the subject.

[Source: Wikipedia]

After many searches about the African American Demography, we found that in 1790, when the first U.S. Census was taken, Africans (including slaves and free people) numbered about 760,000 (about 19.3% of the population). And in 1860, at the start of the American Civil War, the African-American population increased to 4.4 million, but the percentage rate dropped to 14% of the overall population of the country. We also noticed that the vast majority were slaves, with only 488,000 counted as "freemen". And in 1900, the black population had doubled and reached 8.8 million.

Information about geographic situation:

It is important to say that in 1910, about 90% of African Americans lived in the South, but large numbers began migrating north looking for better job opportunities and living conditions, and to escape Jim Crow laws and racial violence. It was called The Great Migration, and it spanned the 1890s to the 1970s. From 1916 through the 1960s, more than 6 million black people moved north. But in the 1970s and 1980s, that trend reversed, with more African Americans moving south to the Sun Belt than leaving it.

At the time of the 2000 Census, 54.8 percent of African Americans lived in the South. And in that year, 17.6 percent of African Americans lived in the North east and 18.7 percent in the Midwest, while only 8.9 percent lived in the western states. The west does have a sizeable black population in certain areas, however. California, the nation's most populous state, has the fifth largest African-American population, only behind New York, Texas, Georgia, and Florida.

General demographics with more details.

We noticed that in 1990, the African-American population reached about 30 million and represented 12% of the U.S. population, roughly the same proportion as in 1900. And in current demographics, according to 2005 U.S. Census figures, some 39.9 million African Americans live in the United States, comprising 13.8 percent of the total population.

According to the 2000 Census, approximately 2.05% of African Americans identified as Hispanic or Latino in origin. Many of whom may be of Brazilian, Dominican, Cuban, Haitian, or other Latin American descent.

We could notice that the only self-reported ancestral groups larger than African Americans are Irish and German Americans. Due to the fact that many African Americans trace their ancestry to colonial American origins, some simply self-report as "American".

It should be important to say that almost 58 percent of African Americans lived in metropolitan areas in 2000. We could say with more details that New York City had the largest black urban population in the United States in 2000 with over 2 million black residents, overall the city has a 28 percent black population. Chicago has the second largest black population, with almost 1.6 million African Americans in its metropolitan area, representing about 18 percent of the total metropolitan population. Among cities of 100,000 or more, Gary, Indiana, had the highest percentage of black residents of any U.S. city in 2000, with 84 percent (though it should be noted that the 2006 Census estimate puts the city's population below 100,000.). We learned that other large cities with African-American majorities include New Orleans, Louisiana (67 percent), Baltimore, Maryland (64 percent) Atlanta, Georgia (61 percent), Memphis, Tennessee (61 percent), and Washington, D.C. (60 percent).

The nation's most affluent county with an African-American majority is Prince George's County, Maryland, with a median income of $62,467. Other affluent predominantly African-American counties include Dekalb County in Georgia, and Charles City County in Virginia. Queens County, New York is the only county with a population of 65,000 or more where African Americans have a higher median household income than European Americans

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